For decades, we have told patients that there were no studies to support that drinking soda made acne worse, although if that was their experience then they should not consume soda. Over the recent years, more and more evidence has emerged showing that diet can affect acne. The first study showed that drinking non-organic milk may exacerbate acne. Recently a study published in the The Journal of Academic Nurtition (J Acad Nutr Diet. 2017 Jun 9. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2017.03.024 ) showed that consuming high-glycemic index carbohydrates is correlated with worsening of acne.
In short, the recommendations have not changed–for all persons, eating a good healthy diet is recommended. What has changed is the evidence showing that poor eating habits is connected with worsening of acne. For all of my patients, acne or not, I recommend avoiding white rice, white potatoes, white flour, and sugar in their diet. Unfortunately, most of my patients, with or without acne, consume a large amount of these high-glycemic index foods, which contributes to obesity, fatigue, and the development of type II diabetes.
According to a recent study, there is great variation from one Mohs’ surgeon to another when having Mohs’ surgery. In this study, they found that the mean number of stages per case was 1.47 (range, 1.09-4.11). The variation in range is huge!!! Thirty-five percent of surgeons were persistent outliers (performed more stages than the mean) in all three years of this study. Physicians in solo practice had a 2.35-times likelihood of a persistent high outlier status (OR = 2.35; 95% CI, 1.25-4.35). Now this does not make sense! Think about it, often the most difficult cases are referred to tertiary care centers (academic institutions), yet they were more likely to clear a patient in fewer stages.
Why the great variation? In an academic center, there are residents and fellows assisting on cases. What does that mean for patients? There is less risk for “funny business”–surgeons intentionally taking smaller pieces so that they they will require more stages (in a fee-for-service model, the surgeon is paid for each stage taken).
In my practice, approximately 80% of patients are cleared within the first stage. This falls well within the mean average of 1.47 average stages per patient. Unfortunately, many surgeons fall outside of this mean. This increases cost, may adversely affect cosmetic outcome, increases surgical time for patients, and may lead to increased patient discomfort as additional anesthetic may be needed.
How do you choose a Mohs’ surgeon? That is a difficult question. According to this study, a Mohs’ surgeon in Private Practice is more likely to perform more layers than is necessary than a surgeon who is a full-time academic surgeon. That being said, I know of great surgeons who are in private practice and many who rarely clear a patient in one stage. In fact, some of the best surgeons are in private practice.
What do I recommend? When choosing a Mohs’ Surgeon, one must be more cautious when choosing one who is in Private Practice. In my over 2 decades of performing Mohs’, I can count on one hand how many patients during the initial consultation have asked me what the likelihood of clearing them on the first stage is.
Medscape (5/19, Doheny) reported, “About a third of sunscreens tested by experts…provide less than half the SPF protection claimed on the label,” according to Consumer Reports’ annual sunscreen report. According to the article, the Food and Drug Administration does not routinely test sunscreen products’ SPF.
Dr. Bader recommends sunscreens that have a high concentration of zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide as the active ingredient(s). These are physical blockers, that reflect all of the suns rays (UVB and UVA).
Chemical blockers only work for specific wavelengths and break down, often within a few hours of sun exposure.
According to a study published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings, squamous cell carcinoma rates have increased 263% between 2000 and 2010, while basal cell carcinoma increased 145% over the same time period.
Although the reasons for this increase is not yet studied, increased sun exposure and increased tanning bed use are likely contributing factors. Avoidance of midday sun, wearing sun-protective clothing, and the regular use of sunscreen all help to reduce the risk of developing skin cancer.
Topical allergies are common in both children and adults. If one suspects a topical allergy in children, this top 10 list contains the most likely culprits. One can start by avoiding these 10 compounds.
- Tixocortol pivalate (a corticosteroid).
- Propylene glycol (found in many creams, lotions, and solutions).
- Methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI)/methylisothiazolinone (MI) (a preservative used in anti-fungal and anti-bacterial medications)
- Formaldehyde (found in dental materials, paper products, inks & dyes, & fire-resistant clothing).
- Cocamidopropyl betaine (is known by many other names so one should research all of the possible names; found in many skincare products, including shampoos & conditioners, body washes, and hair dyes; also found in laundry detergents, hand soaps, toothpastes, cleaning products.
- Lanolin (commonly found in lipsticks, cosmetic creams and powders, shaving creams, shampoos, and soaps).
- Benzalkonium chloride (a preservative used in many injectable medications, eye drops, ear drops, and nasal sprays).
- Fragrance and balsam of peru.
- Neomycin (used in over-the-counter antibiotic ointments).
- Nickel (in metals, including costume jewelry and gold that is not 24K).
According to a recent study, a single dose of at least 100,000 IU vitamin D3 rapidly attenuates sunburn when given within one hour of sun exposure. Lower doses were far less effective.
It is that time of year again–May is skin cancer awareness month. Tuesday, May 9th at 5pm Dr. Bader will be providing FREE skin cancer screenings to ALL patients who register–regardless of insurance. This will take place at Broward Health North’s Comprehensive Cancer Center between 5pm and 6:30pm. CALL TO REGISTER-954.759.7400. You can register online at browardhealth.org/events.
Only registered patients will be seen.
Make sure to get there 15 minutes early, as it is not so easy to find the cancer center.
201. E. Sample Road Deerfield Beach, FL 33064